Web based interfaces for instrument control
October 23, 2015
User interface design is never an easy task: it must be cross-platform, easy to install and reactive. The first two points can be easily solved using a browser user interface. Web browsers are already installed on virtually every device (PCs, smartphones, tablets, …). This removes the need of shipping a separate GUI application.
However, browsers seems to lack the reactivity criterion. When working with high-performance instruments, such as photonic sensors, you need to transfer and visualize large amounts of complex data in real-time. The HTTP protocol, which was designed to display static content at a slow refreshing rate triggered by user requests, is far from optimal for such applications. Hopefully, HTML5 comes to our rescue !
The WebSocket protocol
WebSocket is a thin protocol build on top of TCP that has been specifically designed to address the performance issues of HTTP. It provides a performance close to a raw TCP socket, while being compatible with web browsers. In other words, you can combine the high performance of a TCP socket - which is ideally suited for instrument data transfer since data integrity is guaranteed and is very efficient to transfer large buffers - with the convenience of web programming. You can thus open long lasting, bidirectional connections between your instrument and the user browser.
In a future post we will compare possible software stacks on the server side to provide such an interface to the instrument user.